Types of Aphasia

Understand more about the different types of aphasia, how they present themselves, and how is best to approach them.

Broca’s Aphasia

Recover From Broca’s Aphasia

A damage on the frontal-lobe part of the brain, called Broca’s area, usually reckons the problem known as Broca’s Aphasia. Having this condition may not impair your ability to comprehend but you will not be able to speak your ideas fluently, considering that the affected region of the brain controls speech and motor movements.

In most cases, this disorder can be pretty visible in several symptoms like difficulty in forming complete sentences, articulating words, following directions, having poor grammar, and/or omitting to use certain basic connecting words like “and” or “is”.

Transcortical Motor Aphasia (TMA)

Know more about TMA
 
In a condition described as transcortical motor aphasia (TMA), trauma to the frontal region of the brain hinders communication. People suffering from TMA, however, retain the ability to comprehend both written and spoken languages, unlike individuals who experience different types of aphasia.

TMA patients may have difficulty expressing themselves, often not succeeding to find the correct words. They are likely able to speak individual phrases, but they might not be able to weave them together in a cohesive statement. 

Global Aphasia

You Language Problem Has Hope

Considered to be the most severe among any other types of aphasia, Global Aphasia has been known for its extreme language-disabling capacity. Having this problem means your brain’s language-controlling part has been damaged already.

This serious damage may be caused by a handful of health conditions that are simply severe on its own like head trauma that results in brain damage, brain infection from viruses or bacteria, and stroke.

Being the most serious among all, global aphasia simply affects all aspects of one’s language capacities including understanding and expressing thoughts.  

Wernicke's Aphasia

Let's Rebuild Comprehension

Remember, when Wernicke’s area of the brain is damaged by any element, it will be a big problem in our communication skills.

In statistics, Wernicke's Aphasia has been considered as the most common among all types. After affecting almost 4 in every 10 individuals who experienced stroke, this condition still hunts many others with its observable impacts which include hardness to recall and repeat phrases and coining words that are too unusual and often have no meaning.  

Anomic Aphasia

No More Tip–Of-The-Tongue-Words

In our life, we have definitely had some experience of forgetting a word that our brain can almost remember but we say it is on the tip of our tongue.

However, getting tons of this experience may mean something more alarming like anomic aphasia. This type of aphasia is a result of damage in the left hemisphere of the brain, leading to patients’ difficulty in naming an exact word or thing.

The most common reasons for this neurological condition are also brain problems like stroke, brain injury, infection and diseases of neurodegeneration. 

Conduction Aphasia

Recover to Regain Repetition

Another type of aphasia with which the Do LIFE Speech team can help is conduction aphasia. Also known as associative aphasia, conductive type revolves around the impairment of the capacity to repeat words and phrases.

Most researchers consider conduction aphasia as a rare species of the class considering that the ability of the patient to understand and even express his feelings remain normal.

In recovery, therapists highly recommend speech therapy for patients, specifically sentence repetition therapy.  

Transcortical Sensory Aphasia

Reclaim Auditory Comprehension Now

With intact repetition and fluent speech, transcortical sensory aphasia (TSA) is marked by reduced auditory comprehension.  TSA differentiates from various receptive aphasias and agnosias, including Wernicke's type of aphasia and pure word deafness, by rarely repeating words.

For early speech signal decoding, either repetition and auditory comprehending depend on normal phonological processing.

It is essential for patients to begin speech therapy as soon as feasible since the sooner they begin doing so, the more likely it becomes that they will reclaim their capacity to understand language.